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The Basic Clouds in Cloud Computing: Public, Private, and Hybrid

Cloud computing has gotten away from us as innovation continues and more cloud services rear their data-saving digital faces at us. It can be tricky to keep up with it all. But don’t worry. In this article, we’ll make it easy for you by going through public, private, and hybrid clouds in detail and covering what makes each of them beneficial. Let’s get started.
Daniel Zacharias

Code Power Team

December 18, 2023
The Basic Clouds in Cloud Computing

Public clouds can save you money 

Hosted by a service provider, a public cloud runs a remote server akin to a public service. Think of it like a warehouse for your data. These clouds are accessible through the internet, where anyone (with proper credentials) can get to them.

Typically, there isn’t an absolute limit to the number of people accessing a cloud service at once. Public clouds generally are scaled to cater to an anticipated number of users. 

Although many people typically access a public cloud at any given time, all the infrastructure associated with the cloud service is owned by the provider. Some examples of a public cloud are:

Public clouds offer plenty of resources and are highly scalable. You’re best to use them when:

  • You need high computing resources.
  • You have a broad target audience.  
  • You don’t have the funds to set up a private cloud.
  • You want to cut down on costs (public clouds typically have either subscription or freemium services).

However, there are some downsides, too. These include:

  • There is less security due to public access (although many public clouds implement strong cyber security efforts). 
  • There is little control over the infrastructure itself.

More minor uses for public clouds might include:

  • Storing backups of your photos.
  • Keeping backups of video game save files.
  • Maintaining copies of critical spreadsheets and documents.

Ultimately, public cloud services are a better option if you’re looking for a cloud service that isn’t going to cost you your time, sanity, and resources. 

Private clouds offer you more control

Private is more expensive, whether we’re talking about property, doctors, or even cloud services. Cloud services are costly in several ways:

  • They require a skilled IT and design team to set up. 
  • Cloud services aren’t “subscribe and go.” Unlike public cloud services, they need an extensive time investment. 
  • Cloud services will cost money and require investment in external computer components and infrastructure development. 

However, if the above doesn’t put you off, and you’ve got a team with the right background (or have the skills yourself) to set one up, then having a private cloud service can be highly beneficial. 

Private clouds are cloud services that only employees within a company can access. The cloud service may either exist:

  • Within a data center.
  • At a location on-site. 

Private clouds are incredibly flexible when it comes to customization, which means that if you can picture it (and the right IT skills are in place), you can create anything with them. Although, unlike public clouds, scaling these can be extremely expensive. 

At the end of the day, although more costly and time-intensive, you’ll have much more control, and if that’s important to you, then private clouds may be the right choice for you.

Hybrid clouds offer the best of both worlds

So, now that we’ve covered public and private clouds, explaining how hybrid clouds work will be much easier. In a nutshell, hybrid clouds include elements of both. 

But here’s where it gets complex:

The infrastructure of a hybrid cloud needs lots of thoughtful planning. That’s because there are several components, including the public and the private cloud components, and the connection between the two

For example, a company may have a private cloud component to store sensitive customer information and for internal management purposes. They might also use a public cloud service such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) to host their website that customers can access. 

The company would then use a high-speed and secure connection to allow communication between the two components. 

But setting this up won’t come so easy. Getting a hybrid cloud service requires the following:

  • Technical know-how as you need IT personnel to set up and “manage” it all. 
  • A more significant investment than just a simple public cloud service as there’s a private cloud component too. 
  • Some internal computer infrastructure that can host the private component. 

Hybrid cloud services also offer added flexibility in terms of data, where it can be moved (when integrated well) seamlessly between the cloud services. 

It’s also more scalable than a private cloud, although not to the same degree as a public cloud service. It’s also quite flexible and lets you manage your resources well. Consider that if you have a task that requires higher computing power, you can move it to the public cloud. 

Hybrid clouds offer the best of both worlds

The right choice for you depends on your or your organization’s needs.

That’s why it’s essential to consider each of your options carefully. While public cloud services offer the benefit of better accessibility and affordability, private clouds are much more customizable. And hybrid clouds provide a balance of both

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